PSHE KS2: Operation Ouch! How are babies made? Sperm, eggs and reproductive organs

This short film presents the theme of reproduction, genitalia and reproductive body parts. He explains that babies start from an egg and a sperm.

Correct terminology is given for the genital and reproductive parts of male and female bodies.

This film is relevant for science or sex education, as well as for health education. Remember that schools must be able to draw a line between their relationship education and sex education curricula in order to implement the parental right to request that their child be exempted from sex education.

Be sure to watch the film before using it in the classroom, to ensure it is appropriate for your students and complies with your school’s policy on RSHE. Additional tips are given below.

Before watching the clip

Use the baseline assessment to establish current knowledge. Chat with other teachers and relate to their curriculum.

  • Do students know the correct terminology for genitals?
  • What has been delivered before in science?
  • Do students know how a baby is conceived and born?
  • The impact that the word “sex” will have on your lesson.


Teaching the body requires a sensitive and reasoned teaching, based on the knowledge of the pupils and their situation.

It is important to create a safe space for RSHE classes, including encouraging students to respect others by listening and being sensitive to others’ feelings.

  • Consider what happens before and after the lesson for these students and how to provide them with opportunities to ask questions, either anonymously or face-to-face.
  • Remind students where to go to get good answers to their questions.
  • The whole school community needs to know when these classes are taking place, to allow all staff to respond to questions in a positive and informative way.
  • With your RSHE manager, discuss ways to answer common questions that reflect your school’s philosophy and RSHE policy.
  • Be aware of your school’s privacy policy and procedures for protecting disclosures and concerns.

Please note – this clip refers to the vulva and labia. To see KCSIE on female genital mutilation (FGM). Specifically, paragraph 40 and Appendix B “So-called ‘honour’ abuses (including female genital mutilation and forced marriage)”.


Refer to “adult readiness” outcomes as defined in the SEND Code of Practice; schools need to help children develop friendships.

Topics Covered in Other Clips

  • Are all babies born with sperm/egg?
  • How does sperm come out?
  • How does the sperm meet the egg?
  • Do all eggs become babies?
  • Can you choose when to have a baby?

Additional information for teachers

You may want to refer to amaze which is an American site with a range of entertainment. This can support your knowledge of the subject.

Signage for students

child line


Orientation Links

DfE RSHE Statutory Guidance

Please refer to paragraph 65 “Sex education”.
Sex education is not compulsory in primary schools, but schools should determine its content based on the needs of their students, which may include additional sex education content.

DfE National Curriculum Sciences

main external parts of the body, puberty and reproduction in plants and animals, how a baby is conceived and born.

Norma A. Roth